Built as a memorial to commemorate the 70,000 India soldiers
killed in World War I, India Gate was designed
by Sir Edwin Lutyens and completed in 1931.
Built from sandstone, the arch also houses the Eternal
Flame, a gesture in memory of the Indian soldiers who
laid their lives in the 1971 war with Pakistan.
Formely the Viceregal Lodge, the building is the
highlight of Lutyen's New Delhi and was completed in
1929 at a cost of 12,53,000 pound sterling. Located
in an area of 130 hectares, the palace has 340 rooms.
So called because of the red stone with which it
is built, the Red Fort is one of the most magnificent
palaces in the world. India's history is also closely
linked with this fort. It was frorth here ht the British
deposed the last Mughal ruler, Bhadur Shah Zafar, marking
the end of the three century long Mughal rule. It was
also fromits ramparts that the first prime. Minister
of India, pandit Jawharlal Nehru, announced to the nation
that India was free form colonial rule.
The origins of Qutab Minar
are shrouded in controversy. Some believe it was erected
as a tower of victory to signify the beginning of the
Muslim rule in India. Others say it served as a minaret
to the muezzins to call the faithful to prayer. No one
can, however, dispute that the tower is not only one
of the finest monuments in India, but also in the world.
The fort is said to be constructed on the historic
site of Indraprastha (900BC) by Humayun and Sher Shah.
Covering a circuit of about a mile, the walls of the
fort have three gates and are surrounded by a mat fed
by the river Yamuna.
At first sight, the Jantar Mantar appears like a gallery
of modern art. It is, however, an observatory. Sawai Jia
Singh II of Jaipur (1699-1743), a keen astronomer and
a noble in the Mughal court, was dissatisfied by the errors
of brass and metal astronomical instruments.
The mughals brought with them a love for gardens,
fountains and water. The first mature example of Mughal
architecture in India, Humayun's
Tomb was built by the emperor's grieving widow,
Haji Begum, in 1565 AD.
Work on the Jama Masjid mosque was begun in 1650
by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan to complement his palace
at the Red Fort. More than 5,000 workers toiled for
six years to complete the largest mosque in India. Every
Friday, the emperor and his retinue would travel in
state from the fort to the mosque to attend the congressional
Representing the last phase of the Mughal style
of architecture, Safdarjang's Tomb stands in the centre
of an extensive garden.
The mortal remains of mahatma Gandhi were cremated
on this spot on the west bank of the river Yamuna on
the evening of January 31, 1948.
Built in 1938, the temple is an ideal introduction
to some of the gods of the India pantheon. The temple
contains a large number of idols and visitors can also
watch priests performing ritualistic prayers.
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